The ecological phenomenon is quite tough to relate to the applied context of upland agroecosystems. The null-theory is essential for setting up experiments and various demonstrations.
In this kind of field experiment, the Signal-to-noise ratio is often low, and the detection of change is difficult because of human intervention in soil erosion, plant productivity, and nutrient movement.
Hurdles to field research in the developing countries consist of logistic, political, cultural, and institutional features. It is very important that the local land managers take it seriously from the initial days with the scientific research team in designing the experiments.
The planned teamwork between the government and academic scientists provide the design of similar research and the implementation of results.
The thought of ecologically based management has been well-recognized by the research teams and government officials in South East Asia. There are little misunderstandings that go on with the logic of the approach.
The pressures for faster responses to unsudden and urgent issues in the uplands sometimes conflict with the need for long-term, careful, statistically correct scientific research.
The ecological ideology is unclearly understood and articulated poorly in the scientific knowledge. The application and transfer of ecological science to the world could be upgraded and enhanced by some more advanced statements of ecological principles.